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Religion: Religious Expression Laws

Lateran Treaty (1929)

This treaty established the relationship between Italy and the Holy See, recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state. It guarantees religious freedom and protects the rights of the Catholic Church. It also outlines the Church's jurisdiction over its properties and grants certain privileges and exemptions to the Catholic Church.

Italian Constitution (1948)

The Italian Constitution guarantees freedom of religion for all citizens. It recognizes the right to practice and profess any religion, as long as it does not conflict with public order and morality. It establishes the principle of secularism, ensuring that the state remains neutral in matters of religion and does not favor any specific religious group.

Concordat between Italy and the Holy See (1984)

This agreement further defines the relationship between the Italian state and the Catholic Church. It covers various aspects, including the appointment of bishops, religious education in schools, and the financial support provided to the Church. It also recognizes the legal personality of the Church and its institutions.

Law on Religious Freedom (2017)

This law provides protection and guarantees the freedom of religious expression for all religious communities in Italy, not just the Catholic Church. It ensures equal treatment and rights for all religious groups, including the right to establish places of worship, conduct religious ceremonies, and provide religious education.

Law on Nonprofit Organizations (1997)

This law regulates the activities of nonprofit organizations, including religious organizations. It outlines the requirements for the registration and legal recognition of religious groups and establishes their rights and obligations. It also governs issues related to religious institution ownership of property and tax status.

Law on the Protection of Places of Worship (2016)

This law aims to protect religious buildings and places of worship from acts of vandalism, damage, or desecration. It establishes penalties for offenses committed against religious sites and ensures that individuals can practice their religious beliefs without interference or harm.

Anti-Discrimination Legislation

Italy has various laws and provisions that prohibit discrimination based on religious beliefs. These include the Italian Penal Code, which criminalizes acts of religious hatred, discrimination, or incitement to violence based on religion.

Law on Religious Assistance in the Armed Forces (1986)

This law ensures that members of the armed forces have the right to practice their religion and receive religious assistance while serving. It establishes the provision of chaplains from various religious denominations to cater to the religious needs of military personnel.

Law on Religious Assistance in Hospitals (2004)

This law guarantees religious assistance to patients in hospitals. It ensures that individuals have the right to receive spiritual support and religious services while undergoing medical treatment.

Law on Religious Assistance in Prisons (1999)

This law ensures that prisoners have access to religious assistance and can practice their religion while incarcerated. It allows for the provision of chaplains and religious services in prisons to cater to the spiritual needs of inmates.

Law on Religious Symbols in Schools (2005)

This law addresses the display of religious symbols in public schools. It allows for the display of religious symbols in classrooms as long as they do not promote discrimination or hinder the freedom of others.

Law on Religious Broadcasting (1990)

This law regulates religious broadcasting on television and radio. It ensures that religious groups have the right to broadcast their religious programs and teachings while adhering to certain guidelines and regulations.

Law on Religious Celebrations and Holidays (1983)

This law recognizes and protects the right to celebrate religious holidays and participate in religious ceremonies. It ensures that individuals have the freedom to observe and practice their religious traditions and customs.

Law on Pilgrimages (1995)

This law regulates religious pilgrimages, ensuring the safety and well-being of participants. It establishes guidelines for organizing and conducting pilgrimages and addresses issues related to public safety and infrastructure.

Law on Non-profit Religious Organizations (2012)

This law governs the establishment and operation of non-profit religious organizations. It outlines the requirements for registration, organizational structure, financial transparency, and accountability of religious organizations operating in Italy.

Law on Religious Education in Public Schools (1985)

This law regulates religious education in public schools. It allows parents to choose whether their children receive religious education and ensures that it is provided in a neutral and objective manner, respecting the principles of religious freedom and pluralism.

Law on Protection against Discrimination (2003)

This law prohibits discrimination based on religion or belief. It provides legal protection and remedies against religious discrimination in various aspects of public and private life, including employment, education, and provision of goods and services.

Law on Freedom of Conscience and Religion (1929)

This law establishes the legal framework for religious freedom and protects the rights of individuals to choose, practice, and change their religion or belief. It guarantees the autonomy and independence of religious communities and prohibits any form of coercion or pressure in matters of religion.

Law on Cemeteries (1865)

This law regulates the establishment, management, and use of cemeteries. It ensures that individuals have the right to burial according to their religious beliefs and customs, and it guarantees the protection of religious symbols and rituals in cemetery grounds.

Law on Religious Art and Cultural Heritage (1909)

This law protects religious art and cultural heritage in Italy. It establishes measures for the preservation, restoration, and exhibition of religious artifacts, buildings, and monuments of historical and artistic value.